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Updated in 2019/3/7 下午 06:10:07      Viewed: 108 times      (Journal Article)
The Science of the total environment 647: 1611-1625 (2019)

Using the Biotic Ligand Model framework to investigate binary metal interactions on the uptake of Ag, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn in the freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis.

Anne Crémazy , Kevin V Brix , Chris M Wood
ABSTRACT
There is growing interest in the development of mechanistically-based models, such as the Biotic Ligand Model (BLM), for assessing the environmental risk of metal mixtures. However, the derivation of such models requires insights into the mechanisms of multimetal interactions that are often lacking for aquatic organisms. In the present study, we investigated how binary mixtures of six metals (Ag, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) interact for uptake in the great pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis, a freshwater species particularly sensitive to metals in chronic exposure. For each metal, short-term (2-3 h) uptake experiments on juvenile snails were performed with the metal alone and in combination with a second metal, at concentrations encompassing the chronic toxicity concentration range. These experiments showed significant binary metal interactions for 7 out of 15 mixtures. Most interactions were inhibitory in nature, not reciprocal and caused by either Ag or Cu. They led to relative changes of uptake that did not exceed 50% within the range of metal chronic toxicity. The BLM proved to be successful at explaining most of the interactions, via competitive inhibition. This study is in support of using bioavailability-based models, such as the BLM, to model metal mixture interactions in L. stagnalis.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.455      ISSN: 0048-9697