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Updated in 2019/9/3 下午 11:33:15      Viewed: 60 times      (Journal Article)
Biochimica et biophysica acta 548 (1): 128-38 (1979)

A quantitative study of the slow decline of chlorophyll a fluorescence in isolated chloroplasts.

J M Briantais , C Vernotte , M Picaud , G H Krause
A detailed study of the photo-induced decline in chlorophyll a fluorescence intensity (Kautsky phenomenon) in coupled isolated chloroplasts from a high level (P) to a low stationary level (S) is presented. 1. A linear relationship between P leads to S quenching and intrathylakoid H+ concentration was found. When the light-induced proton gradient was abolished by uncoupling, the fluorescence emission at room temperature was lowered proportionally to increased H+ concentration in the medium. 2. Fluorescence spectra at -196 degrees C of samples frozen at the P and S states showed no significant differences in the Photosystem I/Photosystem II ratio of fluorescence emission. Furthermore, freezing to -196 degrees C reversed the P leads to S quenching. This indicates that the P leads to S quenching is not related to an increase of spillover of excitation energy from Photosystem II to Photosystem I. 3. When Mg2+ was added to thylakoids suspended in a medium free of divalent cations, the inhibition of spillover required lower Mg2+ concentrations (half saturation at 0.6 mM). Increased proton concentration in the medium also inhibited spillover. 4. The results are interpreted in terms of two sites of Mg2+ and H+ effects on excitation deactivation in Photosystem II. One site is located on the outer face of the thylakoid membrane; action of both Mg2+ and H+ at this side diminishes spillover. The second site is located on the inner face of the membrane; as Mg2+ is displaced there by protons, a non-photochemical quenching of Photosystem II fluorescence is induced, which is manifested by the P leads to S decline.
DOI: 10.1016/0005-2728(79)90193-2      ISSN: 0006-3002