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Updated in 2017/1/17 下午 05:40:22      Viewed: 804 times      (Journal Article)
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology 467 (3): 551-8 (2015)

Tissue sodium storage: evidence for kidney-like extrarenal countercurrent systems?

Lucas H. Hofmeister , Stojan Perisic , Jens Titze
ABSTRACT
Recent evidence from chemical analysis of tissue electrolyte and water composition has shown that body Na(+) content in experimental animals is not constant, does not always readily equilibrate with water, and cannot be exclusively controlled by the renal blood purification process. Instead, large amounts of Na(+) are stored in the skin and in skeletal muscle. Quantitative non-invasive detection of Na(+) reservoirs with sodium magnetic resonance imaging ((23)NaMRI) suggests that this mysterious Na(+) storage is not only an animal research curiosity but also exists in humans. In clinical studies, tissue Na(+) storage is closely associated with essential hypertension. In animal experiments, modulation of reservoir tissue Na(+) content leads to predictable blood pressure changes. The available evidence thus suggests that the patho(?)-physiological process of Na(+) storage might be of relevance for human health and disease.
DOI: 10.1007/s00424-014-1685-x      ISSN: 0031-6768