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Updated in 2019/5/21 下午 06:08:23      Viewed: 59 times      (Journal Article)
Anesthesia and analgesia 89 (4): 1040-5 (1999)

Halothane, but not the nonimmobilizers perfluoropentane and 1,2-dichlorohexafluorocyclobutane, depresses synaptic transmission in hippocampal CA1 neurons in rats.

D M Taylor , E I Eger , P E Bickler
ABSTRACT
Volatile anesthetics may decrease synaptic transmission at central neurons by presynaptic and/or postsynaptic actions. Nonimmobilizers are volatile compounds with lipophilicities that suggest that they should (but do not) prevent motor responses to surgical stimuli. However, nonimmobilizers interfere with learning and memory, and, thus, might be predicted to depress synaptic transmission in areas of the brain mediating memory (e.g., hippocampal CA1 neurons). To test this possibility, we stimulated the Schaffer collaterals of rat hippocampal slices and recorded from stratum pyramidale of CA1 neurons. At approximately 0.5 MAC (MAC is the minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration at one standard atmosphere that is required to eliminate movement in response to noxious stimulation in 50% of subjects), halothane decreased population spike amplitude 37% +/- 21% (mean +/- SD), increased latency 15% +/- 9%, and decreased excitatory postsynaptic potentials 16% +/- 10%. In contrast, at concentrations below (0.4 times) predicted MAC, the nonimmobilizer, 1,2 dichlorohexafluorocyclobutane (2N), slightly (not significantly) increased population spike amplitude, decreased population spike latency 9% +/- 4%, and increased excitatory postsynaptic potentials 22% +/- 16%. At concentrations above (2 times) predicted MAC, 2N did not significantly increase population spike, decreased latency 10% +/- 4%, and did not significantly change excitatory postsynaptic potentials. At 0.1 predicted MAC, a second nonimmobilizer, perfluoropentane, tended (P = 0.05) to increase (11% +/- 9%) population spike amplitude, decreased population spike latency 8% +/- 2%, and tended (P = 0.06) to increase excitatory postsynaptic potentials (9% +/- 8%). We conclude that clinically relevant concentrations of halothane depress synaptic transmission at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses and that the nonimmobilizers 2N and perfluoropentane have no effect or are excitatory. The Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapse may serve as a useful model for the production of immobility by volatile anesthetics, but is flawed as a model for the capacity of volatile anesthetics to interfere with memory and learning.Halothane, but not the nonimmobilizers 1,2-dichlorohexafluorocyclobutane and perfluoropentane, inhibits hippocampal synaptic transmission at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses.
ISSN: 0003-2999